Movies watched 2012-2017

☆ = an outstanding movie +++++☆☆ = amazingly good
On this page: genresshort filmsdocumentariesTV series
Also see my lists on IMDb of outstanding movies, documentaries and TV series with comments, and my page of links to Useful movie lists/sites.

British – Howards End (92), The Remains of the Day (93), How To Get Ahead in Advertising, Wetherby (83), ☆Carrington (95), 49 Up, Deep End (71), We Need To Talk About Kevin (11), Prevenge (16)
David Hugh Jones – ☆84 Charing Cross Road (87), ☆Betrayal (83, x2), Jacknife (89), The Confession (99)
Ken Loach – ☆Cathy Come Home (66), My Name Is Joe (98)
Mike Leigh☆Secrets and Lies (96), ☆Topsy-Turvy (99), Mr. Turner (14)
Ben Wheatley – ☆Sightseers (12)
French – L’Atalante (34), Diabolique (55), La Grande Illusion (37), Camille Claudel (88), Tais-toi! (Shut up!, 03), The Taste of Others (00), Jean de Florette (86), Mouchette (67), Le Boucher (70), ☆Intouchables (11), ☆Ma vie de Courgette (My Life as a Zucchini, 16), Grave (Raw, 16)
Louis Malle – Ascenseur pour l’échafaud (Lift to the Scaffold, 58), ☆My Dinner with Andre (81), Damage (92)
Agnes Varda – Cleo de 5 a 7 (62), ☆Sans toit ni loit (Vagabond, 85), ☆The Gleaners & I (00)
Jean Becker – ☆La Tête en Friche (My Afternoons with Margueritte, 10)
Bertrand Tavernier – ☆Ça commence aujourd’hui (It All Starts Today, 99)
Coline Serreau – ☆La belle verte (96)
Leos Carax – ☆Holy Motors (12)
Claire Denis – Beau Travail (99)
François Ozon – ☆8 Women (02), Swimming Pool (03), 5×2 (04), ☆Dans la maison (In the House, 12)
Laurent Cantet – ☆Entre les murs (The Class, 08)
Abdellatif Kechiche – ☆La vie d’Adèle (Blue is the Warmest Colour, 13)
Guillaume Canet ☆Tell No One (06), ☆Little White Lies (Les Petits Mouchoirs, 10)
Michel Hazanavicius – ☆The Artist (11, x2)
Jacques Audiard – Sur Mes Lèvres (Read My Lips, 01), ☆A Prophet (09), ☆De rouille et d’os (Rust and Bone, 12)
Quentin Dupieux – ☆Wrong (12), Wrong Cops (13)
Swiss
Alain Tanner – ☆Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000 (76)
Belgium – Loft (08)
Jaco van Dormael – Toto the Hero (91), ☆The Eighth Day (96), Mr. Nobody (09), The Brand New Testament (15)
Dardenne brothers – ☆Le Fils (The Son, 02), Two Days, One Night (14)
España – ☆El Habitante Incierto (The Uninvited Guest, 04), También la lluvia (Even the Rain, 10), Mientras Duermes (While You Sleep aka Sleep Tight, 11)
Buñuel – Viridiana, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
Víctor Erice – ☆El espíritu de la colmena (The Spirit of the Beehive, 73)
Almodóvar – Volver, Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (88)
Isabel Coixet – Elegy (08)
Alejandro Amenábar – Tesis (96), ☆Abre los Ojos (Open Your Eyes, 97), The Others (01), ☆Mar Adentro (The Sea Inside, 04)
Rodrigo Cortés – Buried (10), Concursante (The Contestant, 07)
Mexico
Alfonso Cuarón – Y tu Mama También, Gravity (13), A Little Princess, ☆Children of Men (06)
Guillermo del Toro – Cronos (93), Pan’s Labyrinth (06)
Alejandro González Iñárritu – Amores Perros (00), Babel (06)
Argentina
Eliseo Subiela – ☆El lado oscuro del corazón (The Dark Side of the Heart, 92, x2), ☆Hombre Mirando al Sudeste (Man Facing South-east, 86, x3), ☆Últimas imágenes del naufragio (Last Images of the Shipwreck, 89, x2), ☆No te mueras sin decirme adónde vas (Don’t Die Without Telling Me Where You’re Going, 95, x2), Pequeños Milagros (Little Miracles, 97)
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Sebastián Borensztein – ☆Un cuento chino (A Chinese story, aka Chinese Take-Away, 11)
Juan José Campanella – El mismo amor, la misma lluvia (99), El Hijo de la Novia (The Son of the Bride, 01), Luna de Avellaneda (04), ☆El Secreto de sus Ojos (The Secret in Their Eyes, 09, x2)
Lucrecia Martel – La Ciénaga (The Swamp, 01), La Mujer sin Cabeza (The Headless Woman, 08)
Fabián Bielinsky – ☆Nueve Reinas (00, x2), El Aura (05,x2)
Damián Szifrón – ☆Relatos Salvajes (Wild Tales, 14, x2)
Colombia – La Estrategia del Caracol (93), The Colors of the Mountain (10), La Cara Oculta (The Hidden Face, 11)
Ciro Guerra – ☆El abrazo de la serpiente (Embrace of the Serpent, 15)
Brazil – City of God (02)
Walter Salles – Central do Brasil (Central Station, 98), The Motorcycle Diaries (04)
José Padilha – Elite Squad (07), Elite Squad: The Enemy Within (10)
Nigeria – Somewhere In Africa (11)
German – ☆The Lives of Others, Das Experiment (01), ☆Barfuss (Barefoot, 05)
F. W. Murnau – ☆Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (1927)
Fritz Lang – M (31)
Fatih Akin – Gegen die Wand (Head-On, 04)
Poland
Roman Polanski – Repulsion (65), Rosemary’s Baby (68), Chinatown (74), Frantic (88)
Krzysztof Kieslowski – A Short Film About Love (88), Trois Couleurs: Bleu (93), Blanc (94), ☆Rouge (94)
Austria – ☆☆Die Wand (The Wall, 2012, x2)
Josef von Sternberg – ☆Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel, 30)
Michael Haneke – Caché (05), Code inconnu: Récit incomplet de divers voyages (Code Unknown, 00)
Dutch☆☆The Sea That Thinks (00, x2)
Paul Verhoeven – Total Recall (90), Basic Instinct (92), Starship Troopers (97), ☆Black Book (06)
Danish – ☆et rigtigt menneske (Truly Human, 01, x2), ☆Sprængfarlig bombe (Clash of Egos, 06, x2), Den du frygter (Fear Me Not, 08), En du elsker (Someone You Love, 14), In China They Eat Dogs (99), ☆Smukke mennesker (Beautiful People, aka Nothing’s All Bad, 10), Idealisten (15), Lad de små børn… (Aftermath, 04), Skytten (13)
Carl Theodor Dreyer – ☆Ordet (55)
Søren Kragh-Jacobsen – ☆Mifunes sidste sang (Mifune’s Last Song, aka Mifune, 99, x2)
Ole Bornedal – Nattevagten (Nightwatch, 94), ☆Kærlighed på film (Just Another Love Story, 07, x2)
Lars von Trier – ☆The Idiots (98)
Lone Scherfig – Italian for Beginners (00), Wilbur Wants To Kill Himself (02)
Jesper W. Nielsen – ☆Der kommer en dag (The Day Will Come, 16)
Thomas Vinterberg – Festen (98), Jagten (The Hunt, 12), Far From the Madding Crowd (15), Kollektivet (The Commune, 16)
Susanne Bier – Den eneste ene (99), Älskar dig For evigt (Love You Forever, aka Open Hearts, 02), Brødre (Brothers, 04), After The Wedding (06), Things We Lost in the Fire (07), ☆Haevnen (In a Better World, 10), Den skaldede frisør (The Bald Hairdresser, aka Love Is All You Need, 12), A Second Chance (14)
Ole Christian Madsen – Flame & Citron (08)
Per Fly – Baenken (The Bench, 00), Arven (The Inheritance, 03), Drabet (05), ☆Forestillinger (Performances, 07)
Niels Arden Oplev – ☆To verdener (Worlds Apart, 08)
Anders Thomas Jensen – ☆Adam’s Apples (05), Blinkende lygter (Flickering Lights, 00), ☆De grønne slagtere (The Green Butchers, 03), A Second Chance (14), ☆Mænd & høns (Men & Hens aka Men & Chicken, 15)
Nicolas Winding Refn – Valhalla Rising (09)
Jonas Elmer – Let’s Get Lost (97), Monas verden (Mona’s World, 01)
Christoffer Boe – Reconstruction (03), Allegro (05)
Nikolaj Arcel – A Royal Affair (12)
Tobias Lindholm – Kapringen (A Hijacking, 12), Krigen (A War, 15)
Sweden – My Life as a Dog (85)
Tomas Alfredson – ☆Let The Right One In (08)
Daniel Alfredson – The Girl Who Played With Fire (09), The Girl Who Kicked The Hornets’ Nest (09)
Norway
Morten Tyldum – ☆Headhunters (11)
Iceland – Nói albinói (Noi the Albino, 03)
Italy – Perfetti sconosciuti (Perfect Strangers, 16)
Vittorio de Sica – Bicycle Thieves (48), ☆Umberto D. (52)
Gillo Pontecorvo – ☆The Battle of Algiers (66), Burn! (Queimada, 69)
Antonioni – L’Avventura (60), Blow-Up (66)
Pasolini – The Decameron, ☆Teorema
Balkan
Emir Kusturica – ☆Underground (95), ☆Black Cat, White Cat (98), Arizona Dream (92)
Milcho Manchevski☆Before The Rain (94)
Iran
Abbas Kiarostami – Where is the Friend’s Home? (87), Certified Copy (10)
Majid Majidi – ☆Children of Heaven (97), ☆Rang-e khoda (The Color of Paradise, 99), ☆Baran (01), The Willow Tree (05), ☆The Song of Sparrows (08)
Asghar Farhadi – About Elly (09), A Separation (11), ☆The Past (13), The Salesman (16)
Russia/USSR – Morphine (08)
Mikhail Kalatozov – ☆Soy Cuba (64)
Sergei Parajanov – ☆Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (65)
Andrei Tarkovsky – ☆Solaris (72)
Andrey Konchalovsky – Runaway Train (85)
Yuri Norstein – ☆Hedgehog in the Fog (75), ☆Tale of Tales (79) hedgeh
India – ☆Barfi! (12, x2), Kahaani (12), Queen (14), English Vinglish (12), Paan Singh Tomar (12), Drishyam (15), Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara (11), ☆Mardaani (14)
Rajkumar Hirani – Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. (03), ☆3 Idiots (09, x2), ☆PK (14, x2)
Sanjay Leela Bhansali – ☆Black (05)
Rajat Kapoor – Ankhon Dekhi (13)
Ashutosh Gowariker – ☆Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India (01, x2), Swades: We, the People (04)
Anurag Kashyap – Black Friday (04), Gulaal (09)
Shimit Amin – Chak De! India (07), ☆Rocket Singh: Salesman of the Year (09)
Dibakar Banerjee – Khosla Ka Ghosla! (06)
S.S. Rajamouli – Baahubali: The Beginning (15)
Neeraj Pandey – A Wednesday (08)
Vikramaditya Motwane – Udaan (10), Lootera (13)
Ritesh Batra – ☆Dabba (The Lunchbox, 13)
others with Aamir Khan – Sarfarosh (99), ☆Rang De Basanti (06, x2), ☆Like Stars on Earth (07), ☆Dhobi Ghat (10), Dil Chahta Hai (11), Talaash (12)
Japan – ☆Tampopo, Uzumaki (Spiral), Survive Style 5 (04), 9 Souls (03)
Kenji Mizoguchi – ☆Ugetsu Monogatari (53)
Akira Kurosawa – One Wonderful Sunday (47), Drunken Angel (48), Stray Dog (49), Shubun (Scandal, 50), Rashomon (50), ☆Ikiru (52, x2), The Seven Samurai (54), I Live in Fear (55), Throne of Blood (57), The Hidden Fortress (58), The Bad Sleep Well (60), Yojimbo (61), Sanjuro (62), High and Low (63), ☆Akahige (Red Beard, 65), Dodes’ka-den (Clickety-Clack, 70), ☆Dersu Uzala (74, x2), Ran (85), Yume (Dreams, 90)
Hayao Miyazaki – ☆Porco Rosso (92), ☆Howl’s Moving Castle (04)
Naomi Kawase – ☆An (Sweet Red Bean Paste, aka Sweet Bean, 15)
Satoshi Kon – Magnetic Rose (95), ☆Perfect Blue (97), ☆Millennium Actress (01), Tokyo Godfathers (03), ☆Paprika (06)
Katsuhito Ishii – The Taste of Tea (04)
Makoto Shinkai – ☆5 Centimeters per Second (07), ☆Kimi no na wa. (your name, 16)
Mamoru Hosoda – The Girl Who Leapt Through Time (06)
Korea – ☆Bin-jip (3-Iron, 04), The Host (06), Ajeossi (The Man from Nowhere, 10)
Jae-young Kwak – ☆My Sassy Girl (01)
China – Hero (02)
Australian – Sunday Too Far Away, ☆Mary and Max, The Chant of Jimmy Blacksmith (78), ☆Love and Other Catastrophes (96), Dead Calm (89), The Proposition, The Interview (98), ☆Bad Boy Bubby (93), $9.99 (08), He Died with a Felafel in His Hand (01)
Peter Weir – Gallipoli (81), Witness (85), The Mosquito Coast (86), ☆Dead Poets Society (89), Fearless (93), The Way Back (10)
George Miller – Mad Max (79), Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior (81), Lorenzo’s Oil (92)
John Duigan – Lawn Dogs (97)
NZ – The Navigator (88), ☆The Dark Horse (14), The Quiet Earth (85)
Peter Jackson – ☆Heavenly Creatures (94), King Kong (05)
Jane Campion – Sweetie (89)
Taika Waititi – ☆Eagle vs Shark (07), ☆Boy (2010), ☆What We Do in the Shadows(14), ☆Hunt for the Wilderpeople (16)
Canada
Ted Kotcheff – First Blood (82)
David Cronenberg – Shivers (They Came From Within) (75), Rabid (77), The Brood (79), Scanners (81), The Dead Zone (83), ☆Videodrome (83), The Fly (86), ☆Dead Ringers (88), M. Butterfly (93), Crash (96), ☆eXistenZ (99, x2), Spider (02), A History of Violence (05), Eastern Promises (07)
Philippe Falardeau – ☆The Good Lie (14)
Denis Villeneuve – Prisoners (13), ☆Enemy (13), Sicario (15)
Xavier Dolan – ☆Mommy (14)

Shakespeare plays – King Lear (w Ian McKellen), Much Ado About Nothing (Branagh), ☆Richard III (McKellen), Hamlet (Branagh), ☆The Tempest (10), Coriolanus (11)
Oscar Wilde plays – An Ideal Husband, The Importance of Being Earnest (52)
Bernard Shaw plays – ☆Major Barbara (41), Saint Joan (57), Caesar and Cleopatra (45), ☆Man and Superman (National Theatre Live, 15)
Charlie Kaufman, writer – ☆Adaptation. (02), Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (04), Being John Malkovitch (99), Human Nature (01), ☆Synecdoche, New York (08, x2), Confessions of a Dangerous Mind (02), Anomalisa (15)
Tennessee Williams, writer – ☆A Streetcar Named Desire (51), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (58), Sweet Bird of Youth (62), ☆The Night of the Iguana (64, x2)
Paddy Chayefsky, writer – The Hospital (71), ☆Network, Altered States (80)
Philip K. Dick adaptations – Total Recall (90), Screamers (95), Minority Report (02), Impostor (06), ☆A Scanner Darkly (06, x2), The Adjustment Bureau (11), Radio Free Albemuth (14)
from Kurt Vonnegut novels – Slaughterhouse 5 (72), Breakfast of Champions (99)
Stephen King, writer – Stand By Me (86), Misery (90), The Stand (94), The Green Mile (99), Secret Window (04), The Mist (07)
David Mamet, writer – House of Games (87), Glengarry Glen Ross (92), The Spanish Prisoner (97), Wag The Dog (97)
Robert Louis Stevenson novels – Treasure Island, The Wrong Box, Kidnapped
Mike Judge, writer/director – ☆Office Space (99, x2), ☆Idiocracy (06), ☆Silicon Valley (TV, 14-)
Anders Thomas Jensen, writer – ☆Mifunes sidste sang (Mifune’s Last Song, aka Mifune, 99, x2), In China They Eat Dogs (99), Blinkende lygter (Flickering Lights, 00), Open Hearts (02), Wilbur Wants To Kill Himself (02), ☆De grønne slagtere (The Green Butchers, 03), Brødre (Brothers, 04), ☆Adam’s Apples (05), After The Wedding (06), ☆Sprængfarlig bombe (Clash of Egos, 06, x2), Den du frygter (Fear Me Not, 08), In a Better World (10), Love is All You Need (12), ☆Mænd & høns (Men & Hens aka Men & Chicken, 15)

Charlie Chaplin – ☆Modern Times (36)
Ernst Lubitsch – ☆Design for Living (33), Ninotchka (39), ☆The Shop Around the Corner (40), ☆To Be Or Not To Be (42), Trouble in Paradise (42)
Archie Mayo – The Petrified Forest (36)
W.S. Van Dyke – The Thin Man (34), ☆I Love You Again (40)
Buster Keaton – The Navigator (24), The General (26)
Laurel & Hardy movies – Sons of the Desert (33)
William Wyler – Wuthering Heights (39)
Frank Capra – It Happened One Night (34), ☆Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (36), ☆You Can’t Take It With You (38), ☆Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (39), ☆Meet John Doe (41), Arsenic And Old Lace (44), ☆It’s a Wonderful Life (46)
Howard Hawks – Ball of Fire (41), His Girl Friday, Bringing Up Baby (38)
Marx brothers movies – A Night at the Opera (35)
George Cukor – Gaslight (44), Adam’s Rib (49)
George Stevens – Giant (56)
Douglas Sirk – Imitation of Life (59)
Orson Welles – Citizen Kane (41), F for Fake (73)
Preston Sturges – The Great McGinty (40), The Palm Beach Story, The Miracle of Morgans Creek (44), ☆Sullivans Travels (41), ☆The Lady Eve (41), Christmas in July, Hail the Conquering Hero (44)

Alfred Hitchcock – Rebecca (40), Notorious (46), Rear Window (54), Dial M for Murder (54), Vertigo (58)
John Huston – The Maltese Falcon (41), The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (48), The African Queen, Reflections in a Golden Eye (67), The Man Who Would Be King (75)
Phil Karlson – Walking Tall (73), Framed (75)
Elia Kazan – Viva Zapata! (52), On the Waterfront (54), ☆A Face In The Crowd (57)
Billy Wilder – ☆Double Indemnity (44), Sunset Blvd. (50), ☆Ace in the Hole (51), Sabrina (54), Witness for the Prosecution (57), Some Like It Hot (59), The Apartment (60)
Stuart Rosenberg – ☆Cool Hand Luke (67), ☆WUSA (70)
Sidney Lumet – ☆12 Angry Men (57, x2), The Fugitive Kind (60), The Pawnbroker (64), The Hill (65), The Anderson Tapes (71), ☆Serpico (73), Murder on the Orient Express (74), Dog Day Afternoon (75), ☆Network (76), ☆Equus (77), Prince of the City (81), The Verdict (82), Deathtrap (82), Running On Empty (88), Find Me Guilty (06), Before the Devil Knows You’re Dead (07)
Stanley Kubrick – Paths of Glory (57), Spartacus (60), Barry Lyndon (75), The Shining (80), Eyes Wide Shut (99)
Robert Aldrich – The Flight of the Phoenix (65), The Frisco Kid (79)
Roger Corman – ☆A Bucket of Blood (59), The Little Shop of Horrors (60), House of Usher (60), The Pit and the Pendulum (61)
John Frankenheimer – The Manchurian Candidate (62), Black Sunday (77)
Sam Peckinpah – Straw Dogs (71)
John Cassavetes – Husbands (70), Minnie and Moskowitz (71), A Woman Under The Influence (74), Opening Night (77)
Karel Reisz – The French Lieutenant’s Woman (81)
John Schlesinger – ☆Midnight Cowboy (69), The Day of the Locust (75), Marathon Man (76), The Falcon and the Snowman (85)
Francis Ford Coppolla – The Conversation, The Godfather – parts 1, 2 & 3, Apocalypse Now Redux
William Friedkin – Sorcerer (77)
John Boorman – Hell in the Pacific (68), Deliverance (72)
Larry Cohen – God Told Me To (76), The Stuff (85)
Steven Spielberg – Duel (71), Artificial Intelligence (01), Munich
Jack Gold – ☆The Naked Civil Servant (75), The Medusa Touch (64)
Sydney Pollack – Jeremiah Johnson (72), The Yakuza (74), Three Days of the Condor (75), ☆Tootsie (82), The Firm (93)
Wolfgang Petersen – ☆Enemy Mine (85)
Mike Nichols – ☆Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (66), ☆The Graduate (67), Silkwood (83), Closer (04)
Woody Allen – Annie Hall (77), Manhattan (79), The Purple Rose of Cairo (85), Crimes and Misdemeanors (89), Mighty Aphrodite
Martin Scorsese – Mean Streets (73), The King of Comedy (83), After Hours (85), ☆Goodfellas (90), The Age of Innocence (93), Casino (95), Gangs of New York (02), ☆Bringing Out the Dead (99)
Mel Brooks – The Producers (67)
George A. Romero – ☆Night of the Living Dead (68), The Crazies (73), Martin (77), Dawn of the Dead (78), Day of the Dead (85), Land of the Dead (05)
Werner Herzog – Aguirre – Wrath of God (72), The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (74), Nosferatu the Vampyre (79), Fitzcarraldo (82), Where the Green Ants Dream (84), Cobra Verde (87), Invincible (01), Rescue Dawn (06), The Bad Lieutenant – Port of Call: New Orleans (09, x2)
Screen Shot 2014-08-29 at 11.06.42 amJohn Carpenter – Assault on Precinct 13 (76), Escape From New York (81), The Thing (82), They Live (88), In the Mouth of Madness (95, x2)
Stephen Frears – The Grifters (90), High Fidelity (00)
Hal Ashby – ☆Harold and Maude (71), Shampoo (75), ☆Being There (79)
Brian De Palma – Blow Out (81), Scarface (83), Snake Eyes (98, x2), Femme Fatale (02)
Dario Argento – Phenomena (85)
Nicolas Roeg – ☆Walkabout (71), Don’t Look Now (73), Bad Timing (80)
Clint Eastwood – Unforgiven (92), ☆Gran Torino (08)
Terrence Malick – Badlands (73), Days of Heaven (78), ☆The Thin Red Line (98), The New World (05), ☆The Tree of Life (11), To The Wonder (12)
George Armitage – Miami Blues (90), Grosse Pointe Blank (97)
Tony Scott – Enemy of the State (98), Man On Fire (04)
Tim Burton – ☆Ed Wood (94), Big Fish (03)
Alan Rudolph – Choose Me (84), Breakfast of Champions
Steve Martin movies – The Jerk (79), Dead Men Don’t Wear Plaid (82), The Man with Two Brains (83), L.A. Story (91), Bowfinger (99)
Ridley Scott – Alien (79), Matchstick Men (03, x2), Body of Lies (08), The Martian (15)
Sam Raimi – The Evil Dead (81), Evil Dead II (87), Army of Darkness (92), A Simple Plan (98)
Mick Jackson – ☆Temple Grandin (10)
Harold Ramis – ☆Groundhog Day (93), Analyze This (99)
Michael Cimino – ☆The Deer Hunter (78), Heaven’s Gate (80)
Terry Gilliam – The Fisher King (91), Twelve Monkeys (95), Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (98)
Tony Gatlif – Vengo (00)
Abel Ferrara – Bad Lieutenant (92), The Addiction (95)
Alan Parker – Angel Heart (87), Mississippi Burning (88), The Life of David Gale (03)
Albert Brooks – ☆Real Life (79), Modern Romance (81), Lost in America (85), ☆Defending Your Life (91), Mother (96), The Muse (99)
David Lynch – Mulholland Drive (01)
Warren Beatty – ☆Reds (81), ☆Bulworth (98)
Paul Schrader – Blue Collar (78), Affliction (97)
Stuart Gordon – Re-Animator (85), From Beyond (86)
John Sayles – Lone Star (96)
Lawrence Kasdan – ☆Body Heat (81, x2), The Big Chill (83), The Accidental Tourist (88), I Love You To Death (90), ☆Grand Canyon (91), French Kiss (95), Mumford (99)
Joel Schumacher – Falling Down (93), Phone Booth (02)
Michael Mann – Heat (95), The Insider (99), Collateral (04)
Anthony Minghella – The Talented Mr. Ripley (99)
James L. Brooks – Terms of Endearment, ☆Broadcast News (87), ☆As Good As It Gets (97), Spanglish (04)
Jonathan Dayton & Valerie Faris – Little Miss Sunshine (06), Ruby Sparks (12)
Terry Zwigoff – Bad Santa (03), ☆Ghost World (01), ☆Art School Confidential (06)
Kathryn Bigelow – Strange Days (95)
Hal Hartley – The Unbelievable Truth (89, x2), Trust (90, x2), Simple Men (92), Surviving Desire (93), Amateur (94), Henry Fool (97), The Book of Life (98), Fay Grim (06)
Danny Boyle – Shallow Grave (94), 28 Days Later.. (02), Millions (04), Slumdog Millionaire (08), 127 Hours (10)
David O. Russell – Flirting with Disaster (96), Silver Linings Playbook (12)
Jim Jarmusch – Night On Earth, The Limits of Control (09),
James Cameron – Terminator (84), Terminator 2 (91), Avatar (09)
Steven Soderbergh – Side Effects (13)
Richard Linklater – Before Sunrise (95), ☆A Scanner Darkly
Cameron Crowe – Jerry Maguire (96), Vanilla Sky (01)
Peyton Reed – ☆Yes Man (08), Ant-Man (15)
Alexander Payne – Election (99), ☆About Schmidt (02), Sideways (04)
Lenny Abrahamson – ☆Room (15)
Ang Lee – Life of Pi (12)
Paul Haggis – Crash (04)
Farrelly brothers – Dumb & Dumber (94), Kingpin (96), There’s Something About Mary (98)
Frank Darabont – The Green Mile, The Mist
Marc Forster – Stay (05), Stranger than Fiction (06)
Jean-Marc Vallée – Dallas Buyers Club (13)
Roger Michell – Changing Lanes (02)
The Wachowskis – The Matrix (99), Cloud Atlas (12)
Wes Anderson – ☆Rushmore (98), ☆Moonrise Kingdom (12), Bottle Rocket (96), Fantastic Mr Fox (09), The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (04), The Royal Tenenbaums (01), The Grand Budapest Hotel (14)
Shari Springer Berman & Robert Pulcini – ☆American Splendor (03)
Paul Thomas Anderson – Magnolia (99), Punch-Drunk Love (02), The Master (12)
Andrew Niccol – Gattaca (97), S1m0ne (02), Lord of War (05), In Time (11)
David Fincher – ☆The Game (97, x2), Fight Club (99), Panic Room (02), Zodiac (07), The Social Network (10), The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (11), ☆Gone Girl (14)
Coen brothers – Barton Fink (91), The Big Lebowski (98, x2), Millers Crossing, No Country for Old Men (07)
Gary Ross – Pleasantville (98)
Christopher Nolan – Following (98), Memento (00), Insomnia (02), The Prestige (06), The Dark Knight (08), Inception (10), Interstellar (14)
Darren Aronofsky – Pi (98), Black Swan (10)
Simon Pegg movies – ☆Shaun of the Dead (04), Hot Fuzz (07), Paul (11)
Tarsem Singh – The Fall (06)
Neil Burger – The Illusionist (06), Limitless (11)
Tom McCarthy – ☆The Station Agent (03), ☆The Visitor (07), ☆Win Win (11), ☆Spotlight (15)
Vadim Perelman – ☆House of Sand and Fog (03), The Life Before Her Eyes (07)
Adam McKay – Anchorman – The Legend of Ron Burgundy (04), ☆Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby (06), ☆Step Brothers (08), The Other Guys (10)
Joshua Marston – Maria Full of Grace (04)
Shane Carruth – Primer (04), Upstream Color (13)
Jared Hess – ☆Gentlemen Broncos (09)
Martin McDonagh – ☆In Bruges (08), ☆Seven Psychopaths (12, x2)
Tate Taylor – ☆Get On Up (14)
Duncan Jones – Moon (09), ☆Source Code (11, x2)
Jeff Nichols – Take Shelter (11)
Lorene Scafaria – Seeking a Friend for the End of the World (12), The Meddler (15)
Dan Gilroy – Nightcrawler (14)

others with John Hurt – The Shout (78)
others with James Stewart – ☆Harvey (50)
others with Jack Nicholson – Five Easy Pieces (70), The Bucket List (07)
others with Robert de Niro – ☆Awakenings (90), The Intern (15)
others with Marlon Brando – The Missouri Breaks (76), Superman (78), The Freshman (90), Don Juan DeMarco (94)
others with Cary Grant – The Awful Truth (37), The Philadelphia Story (40)
others with Bette Davis – Now, Voyager (42), All About Eve (50)
others with Bill Murray – What About Bob?, The Razor’s Edge
others with Nicolas Cage – ☆Vampire’s Kiss (88)

Political – ☆Animal Farm (54), All the President’s Men, ☆The China Syndrome (79), Missing (82), In The Loop (09)
Animated – ☆Allegro Non Troppo (76), ☆WALL-E, Megamind (10), Rango (11), ☆Inside Out (15), ☆Song of the Sea (14), ☆Coraline (09), Kubo and the Two Strings (16), 9 (09)
Sci-Fi/Aliens – Star Trek: The Motion Picture (79), Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan (82), ☆Galaxy Quest (99), Contact (97), The Last Starfighter (84), Forbidden Planet (56), District 9 (09), The Machine (13), Under The Skin (13), Pandorum (09), Ex Machina (15)
Zombie/Horror – ☆[REC] (07), ☆[REC]{}^2 (09), [REC]{}^3 Genesis (12), [REC]{}^4 Apocalypse (14), Cabin Fever (02), The Cabin in the Woods (12), Bubba Ho-Tep, The Descent (05), Black Sheep (06), Pontypool (08), Dead Snow (09), ☆Tucker and Dale vs. Evil (10, x2), Zombieland (09), Juan de los Muertos (Juan of the Dead, 11), Ring (99), Quien puede matar a un niño? (Who Can Kill a Child?, 76), It Follows (14), Open Grave (13), The Babadook (14), ☆Pride and Prejudice and Zombies (16), ☆Get Out (17), Dead End (03), The Tunnel (11), Session 9 (01), ☆The Girl with All the Gifts (16)
Future/Fantasy/Supernatural/Altered Reality – ☆John Dies At The End (12, x2), Rubber (10), What Dreams May Come (98), ☆Jacob’s Ladder (90), The Man From Earth (07), Cypher (02), Unbreakable (00), One Point O (aka Paranoia, 04), The Thirteenth Floor (99, x2), Coherence (13, x2), Cashback (06), Another Earth (11), Possible Worlds (00), Brain Dead (90), Stir of Echoes (99), ☆Interstate 60: Episodes of the Road (02), The Double (13), The Lobster (15), ☆The One I Love (14), The Uninvited (44), Chances Are (89), Premonition (07), ☆The Frame (14)
Time Travel – ☆Timecrimes (Los Cronocrimenes, 07, x2), Somewhere in Time (80), Frequency (00), The Butterfly Effect (04), Deja Vu (06), Looper (12), About Time (13), Triangle (09, x2), Edge of Tomorrow (14), The Lake House (06), Predestination (14), The I Inside (04), Summer Time Machine Blues (05), Frequently Asked Questions About Time Travel (09), Time Lapse (14), ☆Safety Not Guaranteed (12, x3), Sound of My Voice (11)
Comedy – Hamlet 2 (08), The In-Laws, ☆My Man Godfrey (36), ☆Tropic Thunder (08), Young Frankenstein, Kiss Kiss Bang Bang (05, x2), Airplane! (80), Top Secret!, Ace Ventura: Pet Detective (94), Tristram Shandy: A Cock and Bull Story (05), Kind Hearts and Coronets (49), The Hangover (09,x2), So I Married An Axe Murderer (93), The Invention of Lying (09), Innerspace (87), ☆The Stunt Man (80), Zoolander (01), Wet Hot American Summer (01)
Noir – ☆Detour (45, x2), Laura (44), Leave Her to Heaven (45), The Third Man (49), D.O.A. (50), Pickup on South Street (53), The Last Seduction (94)
Crime/Suspense/Thriller – The Night of the Hunter (d. Charles Laughton, 55), ☆The Usual Suspects (95), The Parallax View, Silence of the Lambs (91), ☆16 Blocks, Lucky Number Slevin (06, x2), Face/Off (97), The Vanishing (88), Jack Reacher (12), Michael Clayton (07), Red Rock West (94), Fracture (07), One False Move (92), The Next Three Days (10), Arlington Road (99), Breakdown (97), No Way Out (87), Primal Fear (96), Gone Baby Gone (07), Sleepers (96), Double Jeopardy (99), Inside Man (06), Run Lola Run (98), Coma (78), The Lincoln Lawyer (11), Who Am I – No System is Safe (14), Green Room (15)
Satire – Last Action Hero (93), Natural Born Killers, ☆Four Lions (10)
Social Issues – Disclosure (94), Death of a Salesman (66), War Games, Kramer vs Kramer (79), American Gangster (07), ☆Disconnect (12)
Based on True Stories – The Right Stuff (83), Walker (87), Rembrandt (36), Running With Scissors (06), Man on the Moon (99), Peaceful Warrior (06), Into The Wild (07), Saving Mr. Banks (13), Hannah Arendt (12), October Sky (99), The World’s Fastest Indian (05), Donnie Brasco (97), Spare Parts (15), Million Dollar Arm (14), The Big Short (15), Lenny (74), ☆Inherit the Wind (60), Wilde (97), Searching for Bobby Fischer (93), Breach (07), Captain Phillips (13), ☆Le scaphandre et le papillon (The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, 07), Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story (09), ☆Freedom Writers (07)
From famous books/plays – ☆Six Characters in Search of an Author (BBC 1992 version, x2), ☆Anne of Green Gables 1 & 2, Billy Budd (62), Jane Eyre (43), Wuthering Heights (39), Doctor Faustus (67), ☆I Am David (03)
Rites of passage/Life – My Bodyguard (80), ☆Ferris Bueller’s Day Off (86), Tender Mercies (83), Wonder Boys (00), Withnail & I (87), It’s Kind Of A Funny Story (10), The Big Kahuna (99), Clubbed (08), The Perks of Being a Wallflower (12)
Love/Life – The Notebook (04), A Single Man (09), Thirteen Conversations About One Thing (01, x2), Me And You And Everyone We Know (05), ☆Locke (13, x2), Nine Lives (05), Crazy, Stupid Love (11), Rocky (76), Local Hero (83), Solitary Man (09), Pay It Forward (00), Kolya (96), Secretary (02), ☆Swiss Army Man (16)
Others – ☆The Quest for Fire, Up! (Russ Meyer), Singing in the Rain (51), Risky Business (83), From Here to Eternity (53), Seven Pounds (08), About a Boy (02), ☆Defendor (09, x2), Random Harvest (42), Female Perversions (96), Black Orpheus (59), The Way of the Dragon (72), Exam (09), The Rapture (91), Miracle Mile (88), ☆Frozen River (08), Nocturnal Animals (16)
Awful – I’m Still Here (10), Crank (06), Miami Connection (87)

Short films

La Cabina (The Telephone Booth, 72)
Ladislaw Starewicz – The Mascot (32)
Maya Deren – Meshes of the Afternoon (43)
Chris Marker – ☆La Jetée (62), Junkopia (81), 2084
Stan Brakhage – Window Water Baby Moving (59)
Abbas Kiarostami – Orderly or Disorderly (81)
Jan Svankmajer – Dimensions of Dialogue (83), Darkness Light Darkness (89), Food (93)
Don Herzfeldt – Ah, L’Amour (95), Genre (96), Billy’s Balloon (98), Rejected (00), ☆☆It’s such a beautiful day (12), ☆World of Tomorrow (15)

Short non-fiction/documentary

Not Knot (91, knots and geometry Thurston-style)
Marshall Riggan – ☆The Fiddler (75, youtube)
Todd Haynes – Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story (88, unauthorised doll version)
Hannah Gautrey – The Wooden House (15, 11min, artist Wesley West)

Documentaries

Dziga Vertov – ☆Man with a Movie Camera (29)
Chris Marker – ☆Sans Soleil (83)
Patricio Guzmán – ☆La batalla de Chile, Primera parte: La insurreción de la burguesía (75), ☆Nostalgia de la luz (Nostalgia for the Light, 10), ☆El botón de nácar (The Pearl Button, 15)
Werner Herzog – Fata Morgana (71), The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner (74), La Soufrière (77), Portrait Werner Herzog (86), Wodaabe: Herdsmen of the Sun (89), ☆Lessons of Darkness (92), Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices (95), Little Dieter Needs To Fly (97), My Best Fiend (99), Wings of Hope (Julianes Sturz in den Dschungel, 00), The White Diamond (04), ☆Grizzly Man (05), Encounters at the End of the World (07), Happy People – A Year In the Taiga (10), Cave of Forgotten Dreams (10), ☆Lo and Behold: Reveries of the Connected World (16)
Les BlankBurden of Dreams (80), Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe (82)
Errol Morris – ☆Gates of Heaven (78), The Thin Blue Line (88), Fast, Cheap & Out of Control (97), Tabloid (10)
Ross McElwee – ☆Sherman’s March (85)
Bob Connolly & Robin Anderson – First Contact (82), ☆Joe Leahy’s Neighbours (89), ☆Black Harvest (92), Rats in the Ranks (96), ☆Facing the Music (01)
José Padilha – ☆Bus 174 (02), ☆Secrets of the Tribe (10)
Laura Poitras – ☆Citizenfour (14, Ed Snowden)
Guy Maddin – ☆My Winnipeg (07)

Social/Political/Activism ☆McLibel (05), ☆Harlan County U.S.A. (76), ☆The Revolution Will Not Be Televised (Chavez: Inside The Coup, 03), Manda Bala (Send A Bullet, 07, kidnapping/corruption in Brazil), ☆How To Start A Revolution (11, Gene Sharp, revolutions), Let The Fire Burn (13, MOVE vs police), ☆1971 (14, FBI office break-in), ☆Merchants of Doubt (14, exposes pundits-for-hire paid to discredit the truth about smoking/toxic chemicals/global warming/the unsustainable American Way – and why the U.S. right is in denial about global warming), Miss Representation (11, U.S. women in power and their portrayal in media/movies/tv/etc), ☆The Corporation (03, a history of corporations and how they got this way), ☆Silenced (14, persecuted US gov whistleblowers)
Scott Noble – ☆Lifting the Veil, ☆Human Resources (10)
Robert Greenwald – ☆War on Whistleblowers: Free Press and the National Security State (13)
The Yes Men – ☆The Yes Men (03), ☆The Yes Men Fix The World (09), The Yes Men Are Revolting (14)
Adam Curtis – ☆☆The Century of the Self (02), ☆All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace (11)
Real life/lives – American Movie (99, + Coven), ☆Etre et Avoir (To Be And To Have, 02), ☆Dear Zachary: A Letter to a Son about his Father (08), ☆Man On Wire (08), This Way Of Life (2009, NZ), An Ecology of Mind (10, Gregory Bateson), Senna (10), Life Itself (14, Roger Ebert), Alone in the Wilderness (04), Hoop Dreams (94), Being in the World (10, know-how, Hubert Dreyfus, Heidegger), Touching the Void (03), Stories We Tell (12), Weiner (16), ☆The Parking Lot Movie (10), Magnus (Carlsen, 16), ☆Regarding Susan Sontag (14)
Music etc. – ☆Land of Look Behind (82, Jamaica, Rastafarianism, Bob Marley), Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser (88), ☆Intangible Asset No. 82 (08, Korean music), Searching for Sugar Man (12, Rodriguez), Artifact (12), Marley (12), Mongolian Bling (12, Mongolian rappers), Beware of Mr. Baker (12, Ginger Baker)
Art/Movies – The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema (06, Zizek), ☆Between the Folds (08, origami), De Palma (15), ☆Jodorowsky’s Dune (13), Lost In La Mancha (12)
Computers etc – ☆Revolution OS (01, history of GNU/Linux/free software vs open source), In the Realm of the Hackers (03), We Are Legion (12, 4chan/Anonymous), ☆The Internet’s Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz (14), Killswitch (14, free internet), Zero Days (16, the Stuxnet worm), ☆Facebookistan (15, facebook vs freedom/openness/justice)
Others – Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story of Ozploitation! (08, Australian movies of the 70s), Who Is Bozo Texino? (05), ☆The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters (07), Married to the Eiffel Tower (08), The Pirate Bay – Away From Keyboard (13), ☆That’s Not Funny (14, history of modern comedy), ☆Dark Days (00, NYC subway dwellers), ☆Kumaré (11, guru impersonator)
☆Namida to warai no happî kurasu (Children Full of Life, 03)

tv series

Every episode of
UK: ☆I, Claudius (76), ☆Brideshead Revisited (81), ☆Edge of Darkness (85), ☆The Singing Detective (86), ☆A Very British Coup (88), ☆Our Friends in the North (96), ☆This Life (96-7), I’m Alan Partridge (97,02), State of Play (03), ☆That Mitchell And Webb Look (06-10), ☆Peep Show (03-15), Dead Set (08, x2), ☆The Thick of It (S1-3), ☆Black Mirror (S1-3, 11-), ☆A Touch of Cloth (12-14), ☆In The Flesh (13), Fortitude (S1, 15)
USA: V (84-5), ☆Moonlighting (85-9), ☆The Wire (02-08), Day Break (06), Burn Notice (07-13), The Walking Dead (S1-7, 10-), True Detective (S1-2, 14-), ☆Silicon Valley (S1-3, 14-), Homeland (S1-5, 11-), The Americans (S1-4,13-), Fargo (S1-2, 14-), Fear the Walking Dead (S1, 15-), ☆☆Rick and Morty (S1-2,13-), ☆Nathan For You (S1-3, 13-), The Night Of (16)
Brazil: ☆Cidade dos Homens (City of Men, 02-05)
Australia: ☆Danger 5 (11)
Denmark: ☆Forbrydelsen (S1-3, 07-12), ☆☆Borgen (S1-3, 10-13), ☆Arvingerne (The Legacy, S1-3, 14-17), ☆Bedrag (Fraud aka Follow The Money, S1-2, 16-), ☆Forestillinger (Per Fly’s Performances, 6 eps, 07), ☆Rita (S1-3, 12-15)
France: ☆Engrenages (S1-5,05-), ☆Les hommes de l’ombre (Spin, S1-3, 12-), ☆Le Bureau des Légendes (The Bureau, S1-2, 15-), ☆Un Village Français (S1-5, 09-)
Belgium: ☆Cordon (S1,15-)

Lots of – ☆Derren Brown, Penn & Teller, ☆Les Revenants, Orphan Black (S1-3), Narcos (S1-2, 15-), ☆Mr. Robot (S1-2, 15-)
Some of – ☆South Park, Ripping Yarns, Blake’s 7, The Staircase (04), ☆Paranoia Agent, House of Cards (US version, S1), The Bridge/Bron, The Man in the High Castle, 100 Centre Street, ☆Yes Minister, Louie, Broad City, Bojack Horseman, Isabel, Braquo, 1864, The Real Hustle, Vikings, Community

TV documentaries/Documentary series

John Berger – ☆Ways of Seeing (72)
Robert Hughes – ☆The Shock of the New (82), ☆Goya: Crazy Like a Genius (02)
William Peters – ☆A Class Divided (85)
Terry Jones – Crusades
☆What Plants Talk About (13)
Some of/now watching: The Open Mind, ☆The Nazis: A Warning from History, Terry Jones’ Medieval Lives, The World at War, ☆Your Inner Fish, ☆Connections, ☆The Story of Film: An Odyssey (11)

Other TV

☆The Wave (81)

TV interviews/discussions

☆John Berger and Susan Sontag – To Tell A Story (83)
Chomsky + Foucault

Lecture series

☆Biology of Human Behaviour – Robert Sapolsky, Stanford U. on youtube. 25 lectures.

Adam’s Top Movies

☆☆ Amazingly good: The Sea that Thinks, Borgen, It’s Such a Beautiful Day, The Wall, Rick & Morty

Totally loved it!! : Adaptation, Dersu Uzala, Ikiru, Hedgehog in the Fog, Tale of Tales, Carrington, Umberto D, The Tree of Life, My Man Godfrey, Underground, Six Characters in Search of an Author, Man Facing South-East, The Dark Side of the Heart, My Dinner with Andre, Intangible Asset No. 82, Bus 174, A Streetcar Named Desire, Tampopo, Network, Synecdoche NY, The Lady Eve, Soy Cuba, Betrayal, Secrets and Lies, WALL-E, Paprika, Topsy-Turvy, PK

Loved it! : It Happened One Night, Elite Squad: The Enemy Within, The Secret in Their Eyes, Before The Rain, Grizzly Man, Teorema, 16 Blocks, Double Indemnity, The Hidden Fortress, Dodes’ka-den, The Night of the Iguana, Ace in the Hole, One Wonderful Sunday, Red Beard, 12 Angry Men, Serpico, A Bucket of Blood, Heavenly Creatures, eXistenZ, Gran Torino, As Good As It Gets, About Schmidt, Galaxy Quest, Dead Poets Society, Moonrise Kingdom, Black Cat White Cat, Equus, Dancer in the Dark, Defendor, The Eighth Day, Land of Look Behind, Seven Psychopaths, Rats in the Ranks, Solyaris, Perfect Blue, Millennium Actress, Hail the Conquering Hero, Me And You And Everyone We Know, A Scanner Darkly, Sans Soleil, Lagaan, 3 Idiots, Last Images of the Shipwreck, Midnight Cowboy

Directors/writers/actors with most movies in my Top Movies: Kurosawa (6), Lumet (4), Aamir Khan (3), Kon (3), Charlie Kaufman (2), Subiela (3), Hirani (2), Mike Leigh (2), Kusturica (2), Wilder (2), Norstein (2), T Williams (2), Sturges (2)

Tara’s Top Movies

Soy Cuba, Seven Pounds, Happy People, Who is Bozo Texino?, Grizzly Man, Ball of Fire, Mary and Max, Crash, Rashomon, Dodes’ka-den, In The Mouth Of Madness, Jacob’s Ladder, Black Cat, White Cat, Rango, The Green Mile, Tampopo, Dead Man, Pan’s Labyrinth, John Dies at the End, Moonrise Kingdom, Reflections in a Golden Eye, House of Sand and Fog, Fantastic Mr Fox , The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Death of a Salesman, A Streetcar Named Desire, Arizona Dream, Limits of Control, 3-Iron, The Grand Budapest Hotel
Didn’t stand her “Stest of Time” ™ : Altered States

Criticism of criticism

An IMDB user review of “Map of the Sounds of Tokyo” by oOgiandujaOo (UK):

Broken hearts in Tokyo
I am making a habit of liking films like this. I fondly recall ignoring the pitiful attempts at action in Jean Delannoy’s Macao, l’enfer du jeu (1942) and revelling in the unusual intergenerational love scenes between Mireille Balin and Erich von Stroheim. 2009 saw other unloved unfocused occidental-oriental concoctions, such as Ming-liang’s Visage (also at Cannes with this movie), and Tran Anh Hung’s I Come With The Rain, both of which I adore. Whilst many look for perfection in films I am looking to fall in love with a movie. In real life when you fall in love with someone you surrender to their flaws because you see something sympathetic about them, you admire their courage in making themselves vulnerable to you. This movie makes no pretence of perfect love, Ryu and David are like the frequently pictured learner drivers at the test centre, stuttering along hesitantly. Love is very difficult, men and women are so different, so painfully ignorant of each others’ ways, show me perfect lovers, I’ll show you folie à deux.

Yes, as with Delannoy, the action here, or attempts at it, are fairly risible, but they are also besides the point, Map Of The Sounds of Tokyo is about two unhappy people finding oblivion in a sexy hotel room modelled on a metro carriage. In my opinion it is a story worth knowing. My final comment is that there has been talk here that Sergi López was not up to a romantic lead in this movie, also that the film is not realistic as regards Tokyo. One point of contemporary earthy realism that those commentators miss is that Western men punch above their weight in Tokyo due to their relative lack of timidity.

Do not punish this movie for failing to keep up the pretence of genre, embrace it.

…there is no question here of subjecting Schiller’s productions to certain rules, comparing them to forms one has a taste for and is accustomed to, and finding them good or bad; anyone can decided about this in his own way. To indulge in such an examination would be a superfluous and sterile task. On the contrary, there may be some advantage in studying the relation of Schiller’s works to the character, situation and opinions of the author, and with the circumstances surrounding him. Criticism, conceived thus, does not have so facile and absolute a character as when it absolves or condemns a work according to its greater or lesser resemblance to given forms; but it approaches more closely to the study of man and to that observation of the most progressive development of the human spirit, the most useful and the most curious of all studies. – Prosper de Barante, essay on Schiller, 1821

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Substitute ‘movie’ for ‘philosophy’ and ‘director’ for ‘writer/author’ in this passage:

To study a philosophy with the avowed intention, not of asking how adequately it deals with its subject-matter, but solely of looking for inconsistencies in its logical form, implies a withdrawal of interest from that which most interested the author, the subject-matter, and a consequent alienation of sympathy from him which makes it impossible to estimate his work fairly. Criticism of this kind will bear most hardly on writers who are genuinely grappling with the intricacies of a difficult problem, and, since the critic claims no knowledge of the subject-matter, they will get from him no credit for the insight which they have shown; it will be most lenient to those who, abandoning all attempt at profound or close study of the matter in hand, content themselves with a one-sided account of some partial aspect of it. Consequently criticism of this kind is not only based on a defective scale of values, but its judgements run grave risk of being inversely related to the merits of the authors judged; and even if that danger is averted its general temper, instead of being sympathetic, as good criticism should be, can hardly escape being superficial and to some extent frivolous. – R. G. Collingwood, An Essay on Philosophical Method, Two Sceptical Positions, 1.3

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Thus Emerson says ‘kindness is necessary to perception’:

+++++It is a proverb, that ‘courtesy costs nothing’; but calculation might come to value love for its profit. Love is fabled to be blind; but kindness is necessary to perception; love is not a hood, but an eye-water. If you meet a sectary, or a hostile partisan, never recognize the dividing lines; but meet on what common ground remains, — if only that the sun shines, and the rain rains for both; the area will widen very fast, and ere you know it the boundary mountains, on which the eye had fastened, have melted into air. If they set out to contend, Saint Paul will lie, and Saint John will hate. What low, poor, paltry, hypocritical people an argument on religion will make of the pure and chosen souls! They will shuffle, and crow, crook, and hide, feign to confess here, only that they may brag and conquer there, and not a thought has enriched either party, and not an emotion of bravery, modesty, or hope. So neither should you put yourself in a false position with your contemporaries, by indulging a vein of hostility and bitterness. – Emerson, Prudence

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Why negative reviews are so useless

A man is almost always wrong when he sets about to prove the unreality and uselessness of anything: he is almost invariably right when he sets about to prove the reality and value of anything. I have a quite different and much more genuine right to say that bull’s-eyes are nice than I have to say liquorice is nasty: I have found out the meaning of the first and not of the second. – G.K. Chesterton, Thomas Carlyle

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One thing I’ve learnt from reading user reviews on IMDB for hundreds of movies, is that nothing is so useless as a 1-star review listing dozens of points of awfulness in the movie. Well, the one useful aspect of this is the rating, I know a movie with half 10-star reviews and half 1-star reviews is going to be much much better than one with all 5 stars! With one rated 7 on average – if it’s all 7-star reviews, it’s probably not worth seeing, ok but kind of mediocre. If it’s a mix of 9 and 10 stars, and 1 and 2 stars, averaging 7, it’s probably pretty wonderful. (Maybe this would be a very good way of finding the best movies, using statistics – deviation is much more significant than mere average rating, and proportional to quality.)

There are many reasons people give bad reviews, besides that the movie is bad.

  • The trailer/advertising misled them about the movie. It was promoted as some other genre, so it’s e.g. then hard to see a movie promoted as a comedy anything but a failed comedy if it doesn’t make you laugh much. But movies often are mis-presented in trailers, it seems, it’s hard in 2 minutes to give some idea of what a new (type of) movie is trying to do, easier to appeal to fans of established genres.
  • Even apart from advertising, once people decide what genre or combination of genres the movie is, they often seem disturbed if it confounds/frustrates these expectations. If it’s totally within an established genre, with nothing new – then it’s clichéd, nothing new. If, alternatively, it’s unpredictable, with a new combination or mix of genres, it’s badly written, failed, confused etc. People think they can go through a movie and pin down exactly the points that fail to conform to the known rules of story and/or film-making. Forgetting that any significantly new movie must do just that. (Just as in the other arts.)

    So complex & various are the elements of literature that no writer can be damned on a mere enumeration of faults. He may always possess merits which make up for everything; if he loses on the swings, he may win on the roundabouts. – Lytton Strachey

  • It goes over their heads. People get so angry and nasty when a movie fails to give them the conventional things they expect. I guess they should have read some reviews, to have some idea what they were in for.

Apart from this, the reasons people strongly dislike particular movies seem generally much more arbitrary and personal than the things they love about them. There must be something to any movie capable of generating a number of 10-star reviews, no matter how many people proclaim it the worst thing ever and completely worthless. (I’m not here talking about the ‘so bad it’s good’ genre.) The things about a movie people hate, often will be unique to them – but aspects that someone really loves, that fills them with admiration and delight – generally speaking, a lot of people will feel the same.

It doesn’t take any talent not to appreciate something, although people often act differently, as if seeing no value in e.g. poetry, some type of music, some artist, were an ability, a virtue!

Every good book, or piece of book, is full of admiration & awe; it may contain firm assertion or stern satire, but it never sneers coldly, nor asserts haughtily, & it always leads you to love or reverence something with your whole heart. – Ruskin, Elements of Drawing, p227

H.L. Mencken’s Criticism of Criticism of Criticism is very good. The end of it is this:

It is [a genuine critic of the arts’] business to provoke the reaction between the work of art and the spectator. The spectator, untutored, stands unmoved; he sees the work of art, but it fails to make any intelligible impression on him; if he were spontaneously sensitive to it, there would be no need for criticism. But now comes the critic with his catalysis. He makes the work of art live for the spectator; he makes the spectator live for the work of art. Out of the process comes understanding, appreciation, intelligent enjoyment – and that is precisely what the artist tried to produce.

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